Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12512/96853
Type of publication: conference paper
Type of publication (PDB): Tezės kituose recenzuojamuose leidiniuose / Theses in other peer-reviewed publications (T1e)
Field of Science: Medicina / Medicine (M001)
Author(s): Kaminskaitė, Miglė;Žilinskaitė, Vida;Vilcinis, Rimantas;Nekrošius, Deividas;Pranckevičienė, Aistė;Jokubka, Ramunas;Bunevičius, Adomas
Title: Brain dopaminergic system: genetic variations, personality traits and alcohol addiction risk
Is part of: Medicina : 9th International conference of Lithuanian Neuroscience Association „Neurodiversity: from theory to clinics“ : 1 December 2017 : abstracts / Editor in Chief Edgaras Stankevičius. Wrocław : Elsevier, 2017, vol. 53, suppl. 2
Extent: p. 107-107, no. P 16
Date: 2017
Series/Report no.: (Poster presentation)
Note: eISSN 1648-9144
Keywords: Dopamine;physiology;Dopamine;genetics;Maf transcription factors;Polymorphism, genetic;Alcoholism;genetics;Psychometrics;Personality assessment
Abstract: Background and Aim: Brain dopamine system is involved in response to reward and reward associated cue, predicted reward error estimation, learning and motivation. Genetic polymorphism of dopaminergic system in brains determines personality traits such as proneness to anxiety, hopelessness, impulsivity, openness to experience, which might increase vulnerability to various addictions. This study applies genotyping to determine genetic polymorphism for DRD2/ANKK1, COMT and SLC6A3 genes that are involved in dopaminergic activity. Carriers of COMT (rs4680) 472G>A variant have slower enzymatic rate of COMT leading to increased dopamine in frontal cortex which suppresses impulsive response to cue associated with reward; DRD2/ANKK1 (rs1800497) 2137G>A variant is associated with lower D2 receptor amount and lower affinity; SLC6A3 (rs27072) 328C>T variant results in increased activity of DAT1 transporter and decreased amount of extra-synaptic dopamine in ventral striatum. Attention to gene polymorphism and addiction related personality traits is the novelty of our research. Materials and Methods: Seventy four LSMU employees and patients from LSMU Neurosurgery Department were genotyped to determine MAF of chosen genetic variants. Risk of alcohol use disorder was assessed by Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). Personality traits will be assessed by specific scales: Barrat Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11) for impulsivity and impulsivity dimensions, Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) for proneness to anxiety, hopelessness, impulsivity, and novelty seeking. Results: Frequency of alleles were as follows: COMT rs4680 A: MAF=0.48; DRD2/ANKK1 rs1800497 A MAF=0.22; SLC6A3 rs27072 T MAF=0.30. Milestones of the Project: To genotype and perform gene association and gene-gene interaction of DRD2/ ANKK1, COMT and SLC6A3 with personality traits and alcohol addiction in large population-based cohort
Internet: http://medicina.lsmuni.lt/wp-content/uploads/pdf/NLA_Abstracts_Medicina_2017_Sup2.pdf
Affiliation(s): Klinikinių tyrimų laboratorija
Lietuvos sveikatos mokslų universitetas
MA Medicinos fakultetas
Neurochirurgijos klinika
Appears in Collections:Universiteto mokslo publikacijos / University Research Publications

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