The Department supervises the following undergraduate module of the Faculty of Medicine:
- “Thoracic Diseases, Allergology and Clinical Immunology” and “Haematology and Oncology” for 4th year students of the Medical Academy.
The LSMU Department of Pulmonology executes the following postgraduate residency study programme:
Resident doctors have the option to choose the following doctoral programme after completing their second-cycle studies:
One of the main research areas of the Department is the etiology, pathogenesis, pathophysiology, diagnostics, and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. The research is supported by the Research Council of Lithuania, LSMU Research Fund, Kaunas Lung Disease Science Club, and support from foreign researchers. The research equipment of the Pulmonology Laboratory, which is part of the Department, has been upgraded, and a system for growing structural lung cells and establishing cell co-cultures has been introduced. The results are presented at Lithuanian and international conferences, articles are published in journals with an impact factor, referenced in the Institute of Scientific Information database “ISI Web of Science”. The most intensive research is currently being carried out in the fields of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and sleep apnoea.
Researchers at the Pulmonology Laboratory, led by Prof. Dr. K. Malakauskas, actively collaborate with researchers from the University of Groningen (the Netherlands).
Researchers at the Department of Pulmonology participate in an activity under the EU COST programme (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) intended to support international collaboration between investigators, engineers and researchers in science and technology. Prof. Dr. K. Malakauskas represented Lithuania in the following COST activities: BM1201 “Developmental origins of chronic lung disease”, CA15214 “An integrative action for multidisciplinary studies on cellular structural networks”.
Since 2001, 17 doctoral theses were defended at the Department of Pulmonology:
- Implications of the development and course of hypertension of thromboembolic origin. S. Miliauskas, 2001.
- Implication of eosinophils in obstructive lung diseases and their kinetics in experimental allergic inflammation. B. Šitkauskienė, 2003.
- The influence of etiological and clinical factors and the intensity of local innate immune response on the outcomes of severe pneumonia. V. Dudzevičius, 2003.
- Immune status and clinical aspects of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis. J. Staikūnienė, 2003.
- Peculiarities of epigenetic and genetic alterations and proteomic tumor markers in non-small cell lung cancer. M. Žemaitis, 2005.
- Pathogenicity factors of potential hospital-acquired Pneumonia pathogens, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Klebsiella Pneumoniae, and their influence on the course of disease. A. Vitkauskienė, 2008.
- Changes in cough reflex sensitivity after smoking cessation in healthy subjects and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. K. Stravinskaitė (Biekšienė), 2008.
- Tobacco smoke-induced features of immune response in patients with asthma. A.Krisiukėnienė, 2009.
- Effect of alpha-1 antitrypsin on monocytes activity in vitro and impact of genotype on features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. D. Serapinas, 2009.
- Features of local and systemic immune response in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma. D. Urbonienė, 2010.
- Markers of chronic inflammation and epidermal growth factor receptor gene expression in patients with lung cancer. N. Vagulienė, 2013.
- Non-specific inflammation during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. M. Vaitkus, 2014.
- Distinctive characteristics of metabolism and inflammation in men with obstructive sleep apnea. G. Pilkauskaitė (Vaitukaitienė), 2014.
- The Role of Th17 cells in allergic asthma. I. Bajoriūnienė, 2014.
- Peripheral blood neutrophil and eosinophil activity during allergen-induced late-phase airway inflammation in asthma. S. Lavinskienė (Vaitkienė), 2014.
- The Role of Th9 cells and eosinophil apoptosis in allergic asthma. D. Hoppenot, 2016.
- The Role of tumor-infiltrating immune cells and serum cytokines in non-small cell lung cancer. J. Jackutė, 2017.
Participation in registries and similar projects enables the centres to exchange depersonalised patient information to improve the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with rare diseases, and to develop international collaboration between researchers and clinicians. The aggregated analysis of registry data enables healthcare professionals and researchers to identify new trends in disease development, to identify the most effective treatments, and to design clinically valid new trials to introduce new pathogenesis-based medicines into medical practice.
The Department has been collaborating for many years with the research centres of Ghent (Belgium), Groningen (the Netherlands) and Amsterdam universities. Close links are maintained with specialists at the University of Mannheim and the Thoracic Clinic (Thoraxklinik) of Heidelberg University. These specialists are among the leading experts in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.
The specialists at our Department actively participate in the activities of the Lithuanian Society of Pulmonology and Allergy (LSPA) headed by the elected chairperson, Prof. Dr. K. Malakauskas, who is also a doctor at the Department of Pulmonology. On 5 April 2017, the LSPA signed an international membership agreement with the ERS, further expanding the opportunities for collaboration with foreign clinicians and researchers. The journal “Pulmonologija ir alergologija” (Pulmonology and Allergology) has been published from 2006 until now, and since 2017, it has a section of peer-reviewed articles.