The Department of Intensive Care consists of the Central Resuscitation Unit and the Resuscitation and Intensive Care Unit located in the Trauma and Emergency Centre, where the highest level of resuscitation care is provided to patients with various pathologies and life-threatening conditions from all over Lithuania.

Consultant anaesthesiologists and reanimatologists provide urgent consultative healthcare assistance to the intensive care units of the Kaunas region; resuscitation and transport teams perform resuscitation in Kaunas Clinics and transport patients in the most difficult conditions from all over Lithuania to Kaunas Clinics by ambulance.

Hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) chamber

During the barotherapy procedure, the concentration of oxygen in the blood plasma and lymph increases about 20 times and it begins to penetrate the body tissues. This is extremely important for patients suffering from respiratory insufficiency, various inflammations, infections, and non-healing wounds, for whom the impaired metabolism in the body is restored in this way.


The history of intensive care is most clearly marked by the following events:

In 1958, a one-bed intensive monitoring post was established in the Surgical Department of the then Republican Kaunas Clinical Hospital (RKCL). Academician Zigmas Januskevičius was the initiator of the implementation of intensive therapy in this hospital.

In 1963, Prof. Aldona Lukoševičiūtė successfully used electrical heart defibrillation for the first time in Lithuania and together with RKCL Chief Doctor P. Jašinskas and deputy for medical affairs S. Daktaravičius started to organise the resuscitation service.

In 1965, the first resuscitators started working in the hospital therapy department: B. Šlapikienė, G. Kanaporis, S. Taftienė, A. Vaičėnas, long-term artificial lung ventilation was begun.

In 1968, a 6-bed Resuscitation and Intensive Care unit was being established in the hall of the third floor of the central clinical hospital building. In the same year Z. Statkevičius performed peritoneal dialysis here for the first time, and in 1969 Z. Dulevičius applied haemodialysis.

In 1975, the Department of Anaesthesiology-Reanimatology was established at the Kaunas Medical Institute, for it and also for the activities of anaesthesiology and intensive therapy in clinics until 1994, led by Prof. A. Lukoševičiūtė.

In the mid-1970s, intensive care specialisation began at the Kaunas Republican Clinical Hospital, and the number of intensive care beds increased to 36.

In 1981, a hyperbaric oxygenation sub-unit was opened at the Central Resuscitation Unit (Head L. Mackevičius).

In 1983, after opening the doors of the new neurosurgery corps in the hospital, the Neurosurgical Reanimation Unit was also established.

In 1983-1984, Kaunas Medical Institute prepared the first and only class of medical reanimatologists. Until 1983 and since 1984 anaesthesiologists-reanimatologists were and are being trained.

In 1985, the construction of the new operational block started, to which in 1988 the 18-bed Central Intensive Care unit also moved.

In 1994, Prof. Dagmara Reingardienė was elected as the new head of the Department of Anaesthesiology-Reanimatology.

In 1997, during the reorganisation of profile clinics, the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Clinics were separated and became independent units. Until 2001, the Department of Intensive Care, which consisted of the Central Resuscitation, Neurosurgical Resuscitation, Emergency Units and the Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Units of the Oncology Hospital were led by Prof. D. Reingardienė.

In 2001-2021, the Department of Intensive Care was headed by Prof. Vidas Pilvinis.

The Department of Intensive Care is an educational base of LSMU, where: 

Students of the 5th year of the Faculty of Medicine study the problems of diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions, intensive therapy and homeostasis disorders during life-threatening conditions of the intensive and emergency medicine module;

Faculty of Pharmacy 3rd year students – Elective subjects of Special Medicine;

4th year students of the Faculty of Nursing – Intensive Therapeutic Nursing;

First year students of the Faculty of Medicine, Odontology and Public Health – First Aid.

The Department of Intensive Care, together with the Department of Anaesthesiology, trains anaesthesiologists-reanimatologists during 4-year residency studies;

Professional qualification courses, internships, seminars and conferences are organised for doctors and nurses of various specialities.

The directions of the department’s scientific work are various issues related to life-threatening conditions and disorders of vital functions: microcirculation disorders and their correction during various shocks, prevalence and prevention of hospital infections, the problem of multiple antibiotic resistance in intensive care units, etc.

In the Department of Intensive Care, clinical studies on the determination of microcirculation by orthogonal microscopy and on the prevalence, diagnosis and optimisation of treatment of hospital infections (bacteraemia, ventilator-associated pneumonias, urinary tract infections) are carried out.

Theses defended:

“Circulation changes during physiological stress in experimental and clinical conditions” (Dr. Eglė Belousovienė, 2022).

“Study and modulation of the effect of critical physiological stress caused by anaerobic exercise on microcirculation” (Dr. Inga Kiudulaitė, 2022)

“Study of eye microcirculation changes during septic shock” (Dr. Jūratė Šimkienė, 2022)

“Ventilator pneumonia caused by bacteria with multiple antibiotic resistance” (Dr. Aušra Čiginskienė, 2020)

MA Faculty of Medicine, Department of Intensive Care
+370 37 326217
Eivenių g. 2, LT-50009 Kaunas
Dr. Tomas Tamošuitis
Head of the Department of Intensive Care
All contacts